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               Why Big Red Diary?

14. Weights and measures…

I find it fascinating to see both the old and the new measures associated with wine production, so I’ve split this into two sections: old money and new money…

In old money
1 journal equals 8 ouvrées, or 860 perches, or 81.900 ares and was the area one man could work in one day with a horse and plough
One Ouvrée is 4.285 ares; the area one man could work in one day
A Petit Journal is 240 perches, or 22.856 ares
A Perche de Bourgogne is 90¼ ft, or 0.095 ares
A Perche de Longueur is 9½ ft, or 3.086 metres
A Lieue de Bourgogne is 18,000 ft, or 5,847.108 metres
A Queue is two tonneaux, or 456 litres
A Tonneau or Muid is two feuillettes, or 228 litres
A Feuillette is two quarteaux, or 114 litres
The Quarteau is 57 litres
A Dijon Pint is 1.615 l1tres
So, a tonneau of wine is 144 Dijon pints, two muids to the queue, two feuillettes to the muid, the feuillette is 9 setiers, the setier is eight pints.
A ‘Tonneau de Beaune’ was 2 hectolitres, 57 litres and 6 centilitres
An Émine contained 16 quarteranches or 512 litres, but fell into disuse after 1683…
The quarteranche was equivalent to 26 litres and 76 centilitres before 1683, and 32 litres after…
In new money
One hectare is 100 ares is 10,000m2 is 2.471 acres
One ouvrée is the same as in new money as old money
One journal is also the same in new money as old and equivalent to 0.3425 hectares
One hectolitre is 100 litres which is 22 gallons or 133.3 bottles or 11.1 cases
The Burgundian Pièce (barrel) is 228 litres or 304 bottles or 25.33 cases
A feuillette is a half barrel
A quartaut is a quarter-size barrel
A queue is two pièces
A tonneau is four pièces

I hope that helps a little…

Agree? Disagree? Anything you'd like to add?