How much information is locked-up in a label?

Move your mouse curser over any of the yellow dots to see what it all means…


Mise en Bouteille
Mise en Bouteille means ‘put in bottle…(by)’. We have plenty of additional information too – au domaine – means that that in this case it was bottled by the the owners of the vines.
Variations on this theme could be;

  • “recolte, eleve et mise en bouteille au domaine” – harvested, matured and bottled by the owners of the vines
  • “vinife, eleve et mis en bouteille par Albert Bichot” – in this case no indication that Bichot are the owners (domaine or proprietor is not mentioned) of the vines or that they harvested them – indeed Bichot for these bottles acted as a negociant, but obviously did the grape sorting, fermenting and maturation of the wine
  • “mis en bouteille par Maison Clavelier” – here there is no indication of ownership or other activities – so Clavelier most likely bought a barrel of (finished) wine, and bottled it with their labels.

Lot Number
The lot number. For traceablity, since 1991 all bottles should show a lot number, but it can be placed either on the main label, a back label or a neck label if the bottle wears one.
Alcohol Content. Usually expressed to the nearest half a degree e.g. 12.5% or 13.0%, though you wil sometimes see other numbers – e.g. 12.6%
The name of the wine as defined by its AOC, in this case ‘Appellation Ruchottes-Chambertin Controlee’. Any wine that has it’s own AOC will insert that name between Appellation and Controlee e.g. Appellation Beaune 1er Cru Controlee.
Clos des Ruchottes is not an AOC in itself, but is a long established walled vineyard within the grand cru of Ruchottes-Chambertin, so this long-time prior use of the name is allowed on the label. Only for regional wines (Bourgognes) it is allowed to also show the name of the grape; e.g. Bourgogne Chardonnay
Producer’s name and address. It is mandatory that this is a label, though a postecode usually seems sufficient.
Volume. How much wine is in the bottle: Typical bottles measure 75 centilitres or 750 millilitres, but there are, of-course, half bottles, magnums et-cetera
Country of Origin. All bottles to be exported from France must show the country of origin on the label.
Monopole. A somewhat rarer site on a label. There are ~120 monopole vineyards in the Cote d’Or, that is to say vineyards with only one owner.

VINTAGE – it’s missing from this example because Domaine Rousseau prefer to show this on a neck label. Interestingly there is no requirement to show a vintage on a bottle. The only stipulation is that IF a vintage is shown, then 100% of the contents of the bottle must come from that vintage.

Burgundy Report

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